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All About Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diabetes is complicated, as we all know it is caused if the sugar level in the blood is increased. However, gestational diabetes is more popular among pregnant women. Insulin (hormones) breakdown the glucose present in food to extract energy and ultimately the sugar level in the blood is controlled. Nevertheless, during pregnancy, placenta makes more sugar and if the insulin production in the body is not enough to breakdown that excessive sugar, this results in gestational diabetes.

Causes:

Eighteen percent of the pregnant women are likely to suffer from gestational diabetes during pregnancy. During pregnancy, women are less responsive to insulin and too much glucose remains in their body resulting in gestational diabetes. Here are few of the factors that are responsible for it such as:

  • BMI (body mass index) above 30
  • Have given birth to 9 pounds or 4.5 kg baby before
  • Ever had gestational diabetes in the past
  • Any family member suffering from this disease
  • Overweight before getting pregnant. The pancreas cannot fulfil the demand of producing insulin it makes you overweight
  • Have suffered gestational diabetes in previous pregnancy
  • High blood pressure

gestational diabetes during pregnancy

Symptoms:

Women get surprised when they come to know that they are having this type of diabetes, as it does not show any specific symptoms. But if you feel the following mentioned symptoms immediately consult your doctor.

  • Tiredness
  • Dry mouth
  • Feel thirsty
  • Overweight
  • Infections
  • Weak eyesight

gestational diabetes symptoms

Diagnosis:

Especially from the second trimester, pregnant women need sufficient amount of insulin because due to placenta body become less active in it otherwise they may suffer from gestational diabetes. As in the advanced world of science and technology, there are many ways to detect this diabetes so that it could be cured at an early stage. Following tests are recommended to be performed.

  • Screening glucose challenge test: In this test, the doctor asks you to drink a glucose drink and after few hours of drinking blood sample is taken for further observations. If it shows normal results, then there is no need for other tests. This test does not require fasting.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test: The doctor orders for this test if screening glucose challenge test shows positive results. After fasting a whole night a blood sample is collected in the early morning without breakfast. A blood sample is taken again after 1 to 3 hours after having glucose drink to check how your body responds to glucose.

Screening glucose challenge test

Every problem has consequences in different aspects. Here we will discuss about the answers of those questions, which arises in a pregnant woman’s mind who is suffering from such a risky disease. Are you thinking that how it will affect your baby? Will you still be having gestational diabetes after delivering a baby? It is better to make sure that diabetes is treated before getting pregnant, but most of the people are unaware of it, as it shows no prominent symptoms. However, in case you are too late to diagnose it, the affected woman may face several complications such as

  • The fetus can have high blood sugar level
  • It may cause baby to gain more weight up to 9 pounds than normal babies. It can lead to a macrosomia or a fat baby
  • Increased risk of jaundice and respiratory problems in a baby who is born by a mother suffering from gestational diabetes
  • Untreated gestational diabetes can also prove to be responsible for miscarriage or stillbirth
  • Mostly doctors have to conduct emergency C-section (caesarean) due to high blood pressure of the patient bearing gestational diabetes
  • Even after delivering a healthy baby, the mother may not have gestational diabetes, but increase the chances of type 2 diabetes (the body does not produce enough insulin). It is highly recommended to be checked often.

Prevention:

Are you suffering from gestational diabetes and worried about it? To prevent gestational diabetes for some woman may be difficult, but we can control it by adapting few beneficial habits as follows:

  • Eating habits can play a vital role to control it. Healthy food makes healthy body. Take nutritious diet instead of junk. Eat meals and snacks on a regular schedule throughout the day.
  • Physical exercises reduce gestational diabetes to the lowest degree. Take stairs instead of the elevator. Prefer to walk to the nearby market than to drive.
  • Cut down calories from your diet and shift to low caloric meals.
  • Medication and proper check-ups by taking blood samples, is required if your condition is becoming more serious.

diabtes control during pregnancy

  • Injecting insulin should be considered before the matter becomes more complicated.
  • Eating sensibly is an important part of managing gestational diabetes related to diet. It helps to achieve an appropriate BMI.

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