Acne commonly referred to as pimples is a skin disease that occurs when hair follicles (tiny holes on the skin) becomes blocked.
Attached to hair follicles are sebaceous glands. These glands produce waxy oily secretions called sebum which helps to lubricate the hair and skin, preventing it from drying out. When the glands begin to produce excess sebum, the sebum mixes with dead skin. This mixture forms a plug, blocking the hair follicle. The result is an outward bulge on the surface of the skin (whitehead), blackhead, nodule, papule, pustule, or cyst.
In teenagers, it is believed that acne is triggered by increased testosterone levels. This doesn’t exempt adults and babies from having acne. Due to increased testosterone production, it is believed that the sebaceous glands produce excess sebum and this is the major cause of acne in teenagers.
Whatever the cause may be, acne is generally not a good sight, and it may be embarrassing, leading to a lowered self-esteem in some cases. It is therefore expedient to know how to manage and possibly eliminate entirely. Below are mentioned some antibiotics to treat acne in the best possible ways.
Regular Washing and Moisturizing of Face/ Affected Area:
This is a readily available remedy which can help to remove acne flare-ups. Since acne is caused by blocked follicles, washing the affected area with soap and water will definitely free the follicles to some extent. Washing should be done gently, and with warm water. Moisturizers should also be used to keep the skin from drying out. It is important to read the labels on moisturizers before purchasing or using them.
Benzoyl Perozide helps killing bacteria that can cause infections of plugged follicle on the skin. It also helps in preventing dead skin from blocking the follicle. It takes about four weeks or more to work and may need to be continued in order to keep acne under check. It is available as a gel or cream. It is advisable to apply the cream or gel 20-30 minutes after you wash. Benzoyl Peroxide can cause, dry and tense skin, stinging sensation, or some peeling of the skin. It can also make your skin sensitive to sunlight.
These include isotretimoin and adepalene. They help in reducing inflammation and are effective in clearing blocked pores. They reduce the production of sebum and prevent dead skin from blocking the follicles. It is important to see your dermatologist as you cannot obtain a retinoid preparation without a prescription.
Similar to Benzoyl Peroxide, there is tendency to develop redness and peeling of the skin as well as sensitivity to sunlight. There may also be dryness and irritation. Retinoids can harm unborn babies and should not be used during pregnancy period.
If the side effects of Benzoyl Peroxide and Retinoids are unbearable, Azelaic acid serves as an alternative. It gets rid of dead skin and kills bacteria and is less irritable. It does not make your skin sensitive to sunlight.
Antibiotics reduce inflammation and kills bacteria that can infect plugged follicles. They take about 6-8 weeks to take course and after this period treatment should be discontinued. This is because there is the risk of the bacteria on the face becoming resistant.
Whatever the case may be, it is necessary to always see an expert dermatologist for advice regarding the best approach and treatment.